What is Premature Simplification – other than ‘Allowing UI Display Formats to Drive Data Storage Formats’? It will be easiest to start with an example: A company receives records from many devices, and decides that the end-user of the system web site will never want to view detail at finer grain than 1 second… so they decide that all time formats should be stored without milliseconds (or ticks) – that is to say, timing data is rounded or truncated to seconds. Continue reading
This post by Martin Fowler quotes Phil Karlton:
There are only two hard things in Computer Science: cache invalidation and naming things
(and Martin adds the derivative quote: ‘there are two hard things in computer science: cache invalidation, naming things, and off-by-one errors’) which is quite nice. Today’s post was originally about naming things being hard… but I think I can extend it to something close to the two topics in the quote. Continue reading
The client had a stalled project with many changes to an existing system; there were several areas of new functionality, but they were not completely trusted. There was considerable concern regarding the reliability and performance of the database, and in some senses the database was seen as the whole problem. Not only had this set of changes stalled, but minor fixes had also stacked up waiting to be released and all were dependent upon the main project.
Many modern development tools are providing ways to create databases and populate them with test data; often with the idea that unit tests can then be run against them. But there is an alternative approach available to some people; which is to use live data as a source for our test environments. Now, there may be reasons why this is not possible (not the least of which is ‘compliance’), and there are certainly issues of practicality that will need to be considered, but if you are allowed to do this there can be huge benefits.
We have found that communicating our system designs with clients is most usefully done with diagrams rather than large chunks of text. Some years ago, we looked at using UML Use Case Diagrams for this communication – but see what Martin Fowler has to say about them in ‘UML Distilled’:
“But almost all the value of use cases lies in the content, [of the textual cases] and the diagram is of limited value.’
In other words, in his opinion, you should use the textual Use Cases, not the diagrams (which just map those texts visually).
‘Pure’ UML also seems to disappoint in terms of producing very dry monochrome diagrams with stick figures, and simple primitives such as boxes and ovals. Is this really the best we can do to convey the use of a system?
Last time we discussed some general ways to write SQL that made it easier to use it interactively. Today I want to talk about an error I often see with general SQL, especially the use of commenting the
NOT EXISTS clause.
This post is about some top tips and tricks to use when writing and modifying SQL. At first sight they may seem a little bit strange, but hopefully after explanation they will make sense. Let’s take a look at the first bit of SQL:
SELECT SomeTableId , TeamName -- (2) --, EmployeeId , EmployeeName --, BigXmlCol -- (3) FROM dbo.SomeTable -- (4) WHERE 1 = 1 -- (5) AND TeamName LIKE 'Blah%' --AND EmployeeName LIKE 'Nigel%' -- (6) ORDER BY TeamName --ORDER BY EmployeeName
The client had accrued a considerable number of windows task-scheduler batch-processes over time, but really did not have any documentation of what they all did. This exposed them to a number of risks; one of the most considerable being that in the event of a disaster, reconstruction of the task list could have been problematic. The client’s parent company were pushing through a number of resilience projects, and one thing they wanted was the batch processes to operate in something-like a clustered manner; if one server failed, another would take over. Continue reading
“Everyone knows that debugging is twice as hard as writing a program in the first place. So if you’re as clever as you can be when you write it, how will you ever debug it?”
Kernighan and Plauger
There’s supposedly a very similar quote attributed just to Kernighan, but I chose this one mentioned in this blog which also gave me a date of 1974.
There are two assertions in this statement, and I am pretty sure that the first is not true any more given that we have modern visual debuggers provided by tools such as Visual Studio. Debugging can be even be fun! But I think it is certainly fair to say that advanced debugging on a platform like Windows can easily extend complexity greatly. Continue reading